Kaziranga National Park
About Kaziranga National Park
Situated on the banks of the mighty Brahmaputra River, Assam, Kaziranga National Park sprawls over an area of around 430 sq km. It is famous for the One Horned Indian Rhinoceros and other wild lives in the North East India. It is also a safe haven to a number of other wild lives. It is the ideal habitat for the Indian Rhino with its marsh and tall thickets of elephant grass. Due to limitless poaching of this antediluvian survivor, the Kaziranga National Park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1940. The name of Kaziranga National Park has been inscribed in the World Heritage Site List 1985, due to the values and criteria.
Major Wildlife of Kaziranga National Park
Apart from the great one horned Indian Rhino, the other wild attractions include a large population of tiger, Bison, Indian Elephants, Swamp Deer (Barasingha), Sloth Bears, Hog Deer, Jungle Cats, Leopard Cats, Otters, Hog Badgers, Capped Langurs, Hoolock Gibbons, Jackal, Wild Boar, Wild Buffalo, Pythons, Monitor Lizards, Hispid Hare, Indian Gray Mongoose, Small Indian Mongooses, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civets, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal etc.
The variety of species of birds, seen on safari, at the Kaziranga National Park can leave one enraptured and dazzled. These species include the Black-Shouldered Kite, Oriental Honey Buzzard, Black Kite, Pallas’s Fishing Eagle, Brahminy Kite, White Tailed Eagle, Grey-Headed Fishing Eagle, Himalayan Griffon, etc. Other birds found in the marshy areas during winters include Greylag Geese, Bar-Headed Geese, Ruddy Shelduck, Gadwall, Falcated Duck, Red-Crested Pochard and Northern Shoveller.
Flora of Kaziranga
The four main types of vegetation found in the park are alluvial inundated alluvial savanna woodlands, grasslands, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, and tropical semi-evergreen forests.
Near the Tamulipathar and Panbari blocks are thick evergreen forests, containing a variety of trees such as Talauma hodgsonii, Aphanamixis polystachya, etc. Tropical semi-evergreen forests are present near Bimali, Baguri, and Haldibari. Some common trees and shrubs are Duabanga grandiflora, Albizia procera, etc.
Added Attractions In Kaziranga
Expedition On Elephant: You can have a joyous and thrilling experience of observing wildlife sitting on the back of elephants, trained by skilled and authorized mahuts. Wild Elephant herds or Indian Rhinos can be observed at close quarters as they pass the visitors unconcernedly.
Sightseeing: You can smell the whiff of coffee and rubber as you stroll through the plantations in the nearby Karbi Anglong. The hospitality of the Karbi people will leave you wanting for more. You can also learn what efforts are put in the famous tea gardens of Assam so that you may enjoy your daily cup of tea.
Best Time to Visit
Kaziranga’s visiting season is from November to early April months as from May the park is closed. It would be unadvisable to visit the park during the monsoons, as the Brahmaputra River is known to cause floods in the low-lying grasslands.
How To Reach
By Railways: Nearest railway station is Furkating (75 km).
By Airways: Nearest airport is at Guwahati (200 km). The other airport is located at Jorhat (100 km).
By Roadways: From Guwahati you can motor down 200 km on the National Highway 37 which runs through the park. The other approaches are from Jorhat (96 km), and Furkating (75 km).