Fact Files : Fatehpur Sikri
Location : Agra District, Uttar Pradesh.
Built in : 1570
Built by : Mughal Emperor Akbar
Highlights : Monuments, Mosque, Temples, Palaces.
Declared as : UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986.
Best Time to Visit : October to February
Suggested Itinerary :
Golden Triangle Tour with Amritsar
Golden Triangle with Corbett National Park
Fatehpur Sikri is one of the most popular historic monuments and UNESCO World Heritage site in India. It is an extension of Vindhyan ranges situated about 40 km west of Agra District in Uttar Pradesh, India. Earlier there was a large natural Lake with abundant water, which has now dried up. During the eve of the Khanwah battle in 1527 A.D. Babur the Mughal king visited this place and founded a garden with a Jal-Mahal and a baoli (step-well) to commemorate the victory.
The grandson of Babur, Akbar shifted his capital from Agra to Sikri for 13 years on the honor of Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti, who had blessed him with a son and resided here. He constructed a series of royal palaces, courts, independent pavilion and institutions which took 15 years in planning and construction. He named it "Fatehpur Sikri" means city of victory. The legends of Akbar, nine Jewels or Navaratnas were born here. It is one of the best architectural collections of Mughal architecture. It was built of red sandstone for its easy availability.
It was the Mughal's first planned city. Terraces were constructed to connect various complexes i.e. Buland-Darwazah, Khass Mahal, Jama Masjid, Mina-Bazar, Khwabgah, Anup-Talao, Shahi Bazar, Chaupar, Diwan-i-Khass, Diwan-i-Am and the tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti. The drainage and water-supply system adopted here reflects Mughal's intelligent town-plan.
How to Reach Fatehpur Sikri:
Agra is the nearest airport with flights from major cities across India and the world.
Fatehpur Sikri railway station is the nearest railway station.
It is well connected to Agra and neighboring centers by well maintained Road.
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