Kerala Travel Guide
The town was founded by Raja Keshawadasan, Divan of Travanacore in 1762. With the arabian sea on the west and a vast network of lakes, lagoons and fresh water rivers crisscrossing it, alappuzha is a district of immense natural beauty. Referred to as the venice of the east by travellers from across the world, this backwater country is also home to diverse animal and bird life. By virtue of its proximity to the sea, the town has always enjoyed a unique place in the maritime history of Kerala. Today, Alappuzha (Alleppey) has grown in importance as a backwater tourist centre, & also famous for its boat races, houseboat holidays, beaches, marine products and coir industry.
Due to its nearness to sea, the place has a hot and humid climate. Summer starts from March and continues until May. Maximum temperature recorded in the month of May is 36°C and minimum temperature recorded in the month of December is 14°C. Southwest monsoon arrives in the first week of June and average annual rainfall is 254 cm.
The outer world came to know about India in 1498 when Vasco da Gama came to Calicut and obtained permission to carry out trade from here. Quickly in succession came the English and Dutch. Disputes over the control of Calicut continued for a long time until 1792, when the East India Company went into an agreement with the local Zamori rulers to directly administer this area. Kerala was declared a state in 1956, and Calicut today is one of the most important centers of trade and business in this progressive state
During your wildlife tours from Karimuthi to Chinnar you get to watch wild animals such as spotted deer, monkeys, elephants and peacocks roaming freely on either side of the road. The Chinnar Wildlife Park got the distinction of being declared as a wildlife sanctuary in the year 1984. This wildlife sanctuary in Kerala, India is located close to the Anamalai Wildlife in Sanctuary Tamil Nadu, south India and the Eravikulam National Park in Kerala, South India.
Cochin, the mercantile center of Kerala has a great historical significance. Portuguese arrive to Kerala for trade and settled here in 16th century in the Fort Cochin area. The sight now lies in the World Heritage Zone. As a main trading point since Roman times, the city lies on the main trade route between Europe and China. Cochin is divided into 3 main zones, embellished with Fort Kochi, Willingdon Island and Ernakulam. Fort Kochi engrosses the South projection on the seaside of the Bay. Next the Willingdon Island established in 1920 by scooping the bay for the ships to enter the harbor. Ernakulam lies athwart the causeway from Willingdon Island on the opposite side of Bolghatty Island, a stretched confined peninsula.
Being situated very close to the sea, Kochi has a moderate climate. Heavy showers are experienced during the months June,July and August due to the South-West Monsoon. The North-East Monsoon brings light rainfall during the months September, October, November and December. December to February is pretty cool. The annual rainfall is about 310 cm . In summer the temperature rises to a maximum of 35 ºC while in winter it is around 25 ºC.
The scenic beauty of Idukki is unique in every respect. It has nothing to boast of the rise and fall of dynasties, but it has housed a flourishing civilization. The Mangaladevi Temple dedicated to Kannaki of ancient Tamil literature, Marayur Caves known as 'Muniyaras' with ancient cave paintings, Muthalakkudam Church built in the 13th century, Minar mosque built by Vadakkumkoor Rajas etc speak volumes of the civilization that flourished in Idukki. PAINAVU is the district Headquarters.
Pookottur near Malappuram, has a place in history, where the Mopla warriors faught the British with their traditional weapons and were killed in cold blood, during the Malabar Rebellion. Panakkad, 6 km from Malappuram in Malappuram - Parappanangadi road, is an important spiritual centre for the Muslims of Kerala. 10 km away from Malappuram, between Anakkayam and Mankada, is Poonkudi Mana, famous for the traditional method of treatment of mental illness. Seminars on modern treatment and traditional styles are conducted here. Poonkudi Thalapoli is a Hindu religious festival of this mania.
This district was the venue for many of the Mappila revolts between 1792 and 1921. The hill country has also contributed much to the cultural heritage of Kerala. It was a famous centre for Hindu-Vedic learning and Islamic philosophy. The temples and the mosques of this district are well-known for their spectacular festivals. Along with historic monuments and diverse natural attractions, a range of cultural and ritual art forms add to its value as a destination worth visiting.
The best time to visit Munnar is between the months of October to March. Travelers must avoid the monsoon season while visiting Munnar. Travelers can have panoramic view of the verdant surroundings and forested hills from Munnar. Walks and hiking around this small town offer an exhilarating experience. Travelers can also enjoy walking amongst the numerous tea estates of Munnar and view the entire process of making tea, right from plucking of tealeaves to their processing at the Kundale tea plantation.
The city of Thiruvananthapuram presides over one of the most scenic states stretching along the southern coast of the country, with the backwaters of the Arabian Sea reaching deep into the verdant countryside, Kerala affords a fascinating experience, the city once formed a part of the kingdom of the of Travancore, which had its capital at Padmanabhapuram (now in Tamil Nadu). Most of that royal heritage of fine buildings and palaces now houses the State Secretariat and other offices. But the beauty of the city is still intact, in the wide open avenues, parks, gardens, cultural institutions and undulating countryside.
On a clear day from the river border of Kabini, Waynad will seem to be a fairy land with the deep blue mountains juxtaposed with the less blue sky and white vagrant speaks of clouds amidst them. Waynad Introduction The name Waynad is derived from the expression 'Wayanadu' which means land of paddy fields. Wayanad offers a climate of the hill station similar to that of Oottacamand, offers a panorama of undulating hills and dales. The hills which might have been thick forest once, are now plantations of coffee, tea and cardamom.
There is luxuriant greenery all around. On a clear day from the river border of Kabini, Waynad will seem to be a fairy land with the deep blue mountains juxtaposed with the less blue sky and white vagrant speaks of clouds amidst them. The most characteristic aspect about Waynad is a large tribal population. Waynad has a small Jain Community consisting of the Gounders who came from Karnataka. They have built beautiful temples all over the district. The Kurichiyar of Waynad have a great martial tradition. They constituted the army of Pazhassi Veera Kerala Varma Raja who fought against the British forces in several battles. The descendants of those warriors are still expert archers.
The splendid scenic spectacle, with hills appearing deep blue in bright sunlight and mist covered most of the time, juxtaposing on the green of the paddy fields is mesmerizing. The east flowing rivers of Waynad are in striking contrast to the various rivers of the state. The Kabbani river of Waynad is a perennial source of water to the Kaveri river. The characteristic feature of the district is the presence of large numbers of tribals or Adivasis (Aborigines). The district also has small Jain community consisting of Gounders who came from Karnataka. The Jains have built beautiful temples in the district.
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